Society For Technology & Development
a Non Government Organization

1. Up gradation of conventional river rope way crossings exist in rural/hilly terrains over main rivers

Up gradation of conventional river rope way crossings exist in rural/hilly terrains over main rivers

STD is also working to improve the River rope way system, being used in the hill areas of Himachal and Uttarakhand, with support from Department of Science and Technology. We are in the process of technological improvement of this system. The STD Mandi has signed a MOU with IIT Mandi regarding river rope way technology to seek technical collaboration for up-gradation of River Rope way system. One prototype has already been put to trial and two more prototypes are to be tested soon.

2. Core Long Term Programme

1.1 Diversification to value added products :

Carbonated fruit Drinks, Fruit Papads & instant chutney powder have been developed. These are being produced & marketed by FARMERS group at Nagwain.

1.2. Development of Low Calorie food products

Low calorie Mixed Fruit Jams, Low calorie apple spread & Low calorie Amaranthus biscuits. They have been analyzed at Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI) Mysore & found to have lower energy value as compared to standard available products in the market. These are also being manufactured& marketed by FARMERS group at Nagwain.

1.3. Development of cosmetic products : Keeping in view the demand for natural cosmetic products, formulations from local herbal materials such as wild apricot oil, mustard oil, beeswax, aloe vera gel, etc. have been standardized. Protocols have been

Keeping in view the demand for natural cosmetic products, formulations from local herbal materials such as wild apricot oil, mustard oil, beeswax, aloe vera gel, etc. have been standardized. Protocols have been developed for Natural hand Moisturizer,Cracks heal cream, Face Moisturizer & Face Scrub/Pack. These have also been analysed in NABL labs & found satisfactory. These are being replicated to women SHGS & they are preparing & selling at local level.

1.4. Pectin Extraction from Apple Pomace

Process & methodology have been Standardized & FARMERS group is making pectin for their own use.

1.5. Preparation of Herbal Soaps

Herbal soaps have been developed using wild apricot oil, aloe vera gel & essences from natural aromatics.These are also been replicated to women SHGS in villages.

1.6. Utilization of Steamed Bone Meal (SBM) as an alternative to Chemical Phosphate Fertilizer for sustainable production through integrated Nutrient management system (INMS) in intensive vegetable cropping

Study have been carried out to compare the impact of standard nutrient management system with INMS using SBM on productivity of vegetables & soil health. INMS using SBM has been found to have positive effect on productivity as well as nutritional status of soil.

1.7. Organic Pest's Management and its technology adaptation in vegetable crops

A comparative study on effect of chemical & organic pesticidal formulations was carried out at STD field station Nagwain in vegetable crops. Cow urine, old lassie & Derek plant leaves were used as source to prepare organic formulations. A plot was also kept as control (without any treatments). It has been found that this organic spray formulation is very much effective against these two major pests aphids & caterpillars of Cole crops mainly cauliflower & cabbage.

1.8. DIVERSIFICATION in Apple cultivation Technology adaptation and introduction of low chilling varieties of Apple fruit plants on root stocks

Keeping in view the climate change in the environment and its impact on apples, trials have been carried out on adaptation of low chilling varieties of apples. Two demonstration plots have been established at Nagwain.

1.9. Development of functional/Nutraceutical foods

Keeping in view demand for nutraceutical foods, now we are focusing to develop functional foods from underutilized/waste local food plant material, which have physiological benefits and can reduce the risk of chronic disease beyond basic nutritional functions, including maintenance of gut health. Initially we have developed Amaranthus biscuits using cauliflower greens. These biscuit have been found to have all the desired nutrients especially Ca, P, Fe & K which have nutraceutical values, much higher as compared to standard biscuits where we are not using this powder. Thus this product if introduced, could be beneficial to the people of all ages especially to women & elder people suffering from deficiencies of these nutrients.

Publications on Adaptive technologies (2008-13)

(i) Carbonated Fruit Drinks
(ii) Preparation of Fruit Papads
(iii) Preparation of instant chutney powder

Publications on Adaptive technologies (2013-18)

I.Organic pesticidal spray mixture for Cauliflower/Cabbage.
II.Preparation of low calorie mix fruit Jam.
III.Preparation of Natural Hand Moisturizer.
IV.Preparation of Crack heal cream.
V.Preparation of Face Moisturizer.
VI.Preparation of Face Scrub.
VII.Extraction of pectin powder/solution from apple pomace.
VIII.Development of low calorie Amaranthus Biscuits.

3. Coping with uncertainty: Building community resilience and ecosystem based adaptation to climate change in the Indian Himalayan region

IUCN

Society for Technology Development, Mandi in collaboration with IUCN, New Delhi is doing a project on “Coping with uncertainty; Building community Resilience and Ecosystem Based Adaptation to Climate Change in the Indian Himalayan Region’’ at Fozal watershed, Dobhi, Kullu. Following are the brief activities of IUCN project:

i) House hold survey, focus group discussion, village profile of 19 wards of Fozal watershed has been completed. CDP (Community development plan) draft of 19 wards has been prepared and final is awaited from IUCN side.

ii) Water channel work is on process.

iii) Plantation of 7000 plants of fruit trees (apple, pear, plum, pomegranate), fodder tree (rubinia), forest tree (Deodar) in Fozal Watershed has been done.

iv) Training workshops on organic farming in Fozal watershed has been organized on 15.02.2018, 16.02.2018 and 17.02.2018 at Mandalgarh, Hurrang and Pichlihar Panchayat, respectively. Apart from training workshop on organic farming, we have distributed organic inputs (Nimbicidine, vermicompost (Doras) and verms among 10 farmers

v) Training workshops on Disaster Risk Reduction has been organized on 23.04.2018, 24.04.2018 and 25.04.2018 at Hurrang, Pichlihar and Mandalgarh Panchayat respectively.

vi) LED bulbs have been distributed to all households of fozal watershed.

vii) Vermi compost pits of 10 Beneficiaries has been completed

viii) Roof Top Solar is to be installed at senior secondary school, Fozal.

ix) Biogas plants of 20 beneficiaries has been installed.

x) Revival of one dried spring in Fozal Watershed, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh is yet to be finalize in consultation with IUCN

xi) Pilot REDD + intervention on potential sustainable financing systems including payment for ecosystem services related mechanisms is yet to be finalize in consultation with IUCN.

xii) Exposure visit to Gopeshwar, Uttarakhand by Fozal watershed beneficiaries.

4. S & T intervention in traditional craft of Chamba, Himachal Pradesh for the uplifftment of SC population with special reference to vegetable tanned leather (Chamba Chappal and allied products)

Chamba Chappal

The Chamba rural Leather tanning/craft in rural areas (among the oldest traditional skills/Practice) has declined virtually to extinction in the last few decades, unable to match the productivities of, or withstand pressures from, the growing organized tanning industry.  Most of artisans have become de-skilled, having lost their traditional occupations and have swollen the ranks of agricultural /other manual labour. Rawhides  emanate from dead cattle in villages,  still  flayed mostly  by traditional flayers, they then go  through  various stages/levels of curing, storage, transportation and trade  to finally reach industrial tanneries mostly in urban  concentrations.   
    An alternative scenario was envisaged and worked out to tackle these problems, while simultaneously `restructuring'   the leather tanning in favour of manufacturing bases in rural areas so as to benefit the artisans.     In  the basic model, the nodal  unit  may  essentially  produce  vegetable-tanned  leathers  for  sale  in local  market, with potential for the up gradation to the  glazed leathers. This  unit  is to sell directly leather  in  market  to the leather craft artisans and   may function  as  `satellite' units producing new range  for higher  value-added products  e.g. Chamba Chappal craft and other  leathers items etc.
The perspective outlined above suggests a way in which the above problems could be overcome, through working out of a new system of production/marketing for setting up a Glazed vegetable leather unit linked with traditional Chamba craft. The expansion of existing vegetable tanning production and marketing operation in the Mandi/Chamba  area for  the  maximum benefits to the local artisans  and  maximal utilization and value addition of local raw hides /skins.


5. Standardization of protocols for in vitro micropropagation of Cherry rootstocks

Cherry Rrootstocks

Cherry trees present a particular challenge because when grown on their own roots they are potentially the largest of all fruit trees, certainly much larger than wild apple trees. Fortunately recent research programmers have resulted in new rootstocks that produce smaller more manageable tress-useful for commercial growers and ideal for gardeners. These rootstocks should naturally inherit the biologic and morphologic characteristics of the original plant, they are equalized and could have a slower growth and induce earlier fruit bearing. But, the nurseries are not able to multiply surplus rootstocks of cherry as they face so many problems like, adequate land, diseases attack, irrigation and other environmental factors Vegetative propagation of Prunus species traditionally occurs by cuttings or grafting. In the latter case, farmers use suitable rootstocks to confer resistance against several kinds of abiotic and biotic stresses, keeping the desired characteristics of the cultivar in the scion. In Prunus, rootstocks are propagated by seeds or by cuttings. Propagation by seeds can generate a large amount of genetic variation in the rootstocks, affecting grafting efficiency and plant yield in the field. On the other hand, cuttings harvested from field plants can also reduce the efficiency of the grafting process and can spread diseases into the new plantations . It is evident, for both the industry and breeders that, tissue culture has the potential to produce rootstocks on a large scale faster than the traditional methods. Additionally, this technology can guarantee the production of genetically identical, physiologically uniform and pathogen-free plants at reasonable costs In vitro propagation is probably the most extended application of plant tissue culture in plants. It may be interpreted as a simple application of basic techniques to propagate plants under aseptic and controlled conditions; however, the reality is very different because there are several difficulties associated with optimal tissue culture propagation of any species. So to solve above problem different type and concentrations of growth regulators will be tried to achieve maximum multiplication rate and the best protocol for the establishment and multiplication of cherry rootstocks will be identified. In vitro raised plant lets will be hardened first in poly house for about 2-3 months than they will be transplanted to farmer’s fields for further assessment. Once each step will be standardized plant lets of cherry rootstock will be distributed to farmers which are involved in cherry growing.

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